The Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) is a 15-member regional group in West Africa established on 28 May 1975 via the treaty of Lagos to promote economic integration in all fields of activity of the constituting countries. ECOWAS member states are Benin, Burkina Faso, Cape Verde, Cote d’ Ivoire, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Niger, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Senegal, and Togo. The fifteen member states of the Community make use of three official languages (English, French and Portuguese) and over a thousand local languages, including cross-border native tongues such as Ewe, Fulfulde, Hausa, Mandingo, Wolof, Yoruba, Ga, etc. that constitute its over 300 million people tucked in a vast land of about 5.1 million square kilometres.

The vision of ECOWAS is to create a single, large trading bloc through economic cooperation within West Africa by creating a borderless region where the population has access to the region’s abundant resources and can exploit them for economic growth under a sustainable environment.The Community is made up of institutions and specialised agencies. The institutions comprise the authority of heads of states and government, the commission, the community parliament, the community court of justice, the council of ministers, specialised technical committees, and the ECOWAS Bank for Investment and Development (EBID). Some of its specialised agencies are the West African Health Organisation (WAHO), the West African Monetary Agency (WAMA), and ECOWAS Gender and Development Centre.

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National Cybersecurity Policy and Strategy

Ministry of Communications and Digital Economy, Nigeria

This policy is to ensure the attainment of a secure and resilient cyberspace in Nigeria. The strategy include strengthening cybersecurity governance, protecting national information system, strengthen legal and regulatory framework and promoting the digital economy.

Nigeria 2021 Information, Communication, and Technology

Guidelines on Corporate Governance for Pension Fund Operators (PFOs)

Ministry of Finance, Budget and National Planning, Nigeria

The aim of these guidelines include: to incorporate best corporate governance practices in PFOs in Nigeria; to promote corporate values and ethical practices in the pension industry; to specify the roles, responsibilities and management of...

Nigeria 2021 Finance

Nigeria's Nationally Determined Contribution - Update

Ministry of Environment, Nigeria

This document contains an updated Nationally Determined Contribution towards the fight against climate change and fulfilment of the Paris Agreement.

Nigeria 2021 Environment and Climate Change

Financial Sector Recovery Levy Act, 2021

Ghana, Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning

An Act to impose a special levy to be known as the financial sector recovery levy on banks to raise revenue to support the financial sector reforms and to provide for related matters.

Ghana 2021 Finance

Income Tax (Amendment) Act, 2021

Ghana, Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning

An Act to amend the sixth schedule to the Income Tax Act, 2015 (Act 896) to provide for a rebate for selected industrial sectors, suspend quarterly instalment payments by specified self-employed persons and owners of...

Ghana 2021 Finance

Penalty and Interest Waiver Act, 2021

Ghana, Ministry of Finance and Economic Planning

An Act to grant a waiver of penalties and interests on accumulated tax arrears up to December 2020 for persons who make arrangements with the Ghana Revenue Authority for payment of the principal tax by...

Ghana 2021 Finance

Energy Sector Levies (Amendment) Act, 2021

Ghana, Ministry of Energy

An Act to amend the Energy Sector Levies Act, 2015 (Act 899) to provide for an Energy Sector Recovery Levy and Sanitation and Pollution Levy to be imposed on specified petroleum products and related matters.

Ghana 2021 Energy

Ghana Infrastructure Investment Fund (Amendment Act, 2021

Ghana, Infrastructure

An Act to amend the Ghana Infrastructure Investment Fund Act, 2014 (Act 877) to provide for additional sources of funds, extend the period of exemption from taxes and for related matters.

Ghana 2021 Infrastructure and Construction

Nigeria Vision 20:2020 Economic Transformation Blueprint

National Planning Commission, Nigeria

Vision 20:2020 is an articulation of the long-term intent to launch Nigeria on to a path of sustained social and economic progress and accelerate the emergence of a truly prosperous and united Nigeria. Recognising the...

Nigeria 2020 Democracy and Governance

Nigeria Economic Sustainability Plan

Ministry of Finance, Budget and National Planning, Nigeria

The Economic Sustainability Plan is designed to mitigate the effects of a deep recession, while ensuring social stability and addressing long-standing economic vulnerabilities as envisaged in the Economic Recovery and Growth Plan (ERGP).

Nigeria 2020 Economy

June 9, 2022

Political Parties, Presidential Candidates and the Electoral Act 2022 

The Electoral Act 2022 seeks to update and standardize Nigeria’s elections. The introduction of technological changes such as an electronic database of registered voters and an electronic transmission system of votes is a welcome improvement. Restricting political appointees' involvement in the election process is also a step in the right direction. However, there is a fundamental issue with the new act — its endorsement of the indirect primary process.

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