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Maternal Newborn and Child Health Strategic Plan (2018-2024)

Ministry of Health, Rwanda

Moving forward from the successful attainment of health sector MDGs, the country strives to align its policies and strategies with the SDGs. This strategic plan recognises the need for newborns, women, and children to survive the child bearing process, and live long to realise their full potential. It charts the course for sustainable health care delivery to newborns, women, and children and is consistent with other efforts and strategies of the government in the health sector.

Rwanda 2018 Health

Family Planning Policy

Ministry of Health, Rwanda

This policy on family planning aims to address the various challenges inhibiting the full implementation and success of family planning in Rwanda. It ultimately focuses on ensuring that national and international goals as related to the health sector and specifically to the effectiveness of family planning are attained.

Rwanda 2012 Health

National Mental Health Policy in Rwanda

Ministry of Health, Rwanda

The government of Rwanda recognises the prevalence of mental health disorders arising from the 1994 genocide in Rwanda against the Tutsis. These disorders include epilepsy, and post traumatic stress disorders (PTSD) among others. It pursues improvement in access to health care facilities at the community level as a means of effective control of mental health issues in the country. It discusses the challenges faced in delivering effective healthcare and the need to continuously train mental health care providers and handlers.

Rwanda Health

National Policy of Traditional, Complementary, and Alternative Medicine

Ministry of Health, Rwanda

This national policy on Traditional, Complementary and Alternative medicine pushes for integration with conventional medicine in achieving government’s vision of universal health coverage. It outlines the framework, laws and legislation, quality control, regulation, registration, supply chain development, monitoring and evaluation among other necessary elements to ensure smooth running of the process.

Rwanda 2019 Health

National Pharmacy Policy

Ministry of Health, Rwanda

This policy seeks to improve the provision and access to safe and quality medications for the Rwandan people.

Rwanda 2016 Health

Paediatric Emergencies Clinical Treatment Guidelines

Ministry of Health, Rwanda

This policy serves as a source of guidance and direction to healthcare professionals. Its ultimate goal is to facilitate effective management of the intricacies involving children emergencies at secondary and tertiary health levels.

Rwanda 2012 Health

National Nutrition Strategy

Ethiopia, Health

This serves as the national nutrition strategy of Ethiopia, highlighting the effort of the government to address nutrition challenges in the country. It seeks to complement efforts geared at combatting food insecurity. The strategy shall serve as a comprehensive guideline to coordinate all efforts and activities towards improving nutrition status. The main objective of the strategy is to ensure optimum nutrition for all citizens. It however priotises pregnant and lactating women, infants and children under five years of age, people living with HIV/AIDS, displaced population groups, food insecure households, and some other population groups.

Ethiopia 2008 Health

National School Health and Nutrition Strategy

Ethiopia, Health

The strategy acts on the premise that children’s learning abilities is impaired by poor health and nutrition. The strategy shifts the focus of health and nutrition needs away from pre-school children and mere survival, to school-age children, and to better quality of life. Its goal is to improve access and educational achievement of schoolchildren through health and nutrition interventions. It also pushes towards coordination of all school health nutrition activities and interventions.

Ethiopia 2012 Health

Strategy for the Prevention and Containment of Antimicrobial Resistance for Ethiopia (2015-2020)

Ethiopia, Ethiopian Food, Medicine, and Healthcare Administration and Authority

“This strategy includes effective antimicrobial resistance (AMR) prevention and containment of the ever-increasing range of infectious threats caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses, and fungi in humans, animals, agriculture, and the environment. The multiple stakeholders across sectors and the whole of society will be coordinated for the prevention and containment of AMR. The vision of the strategy is a society where antimicrobials are recognized and managed as a valuable and shared resource, maintaining their efficacy so that infections in humans and animals remain treatable and communities continue to benefit from the advances that antimicrobials enable”.

Ethiopia 2015 Health

National Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding

Ethiopia, Health

The overarching goal of this strategy is to improve infant and young child feeding practices in Ethiopia, whereas the objectives include: to standardize infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices for improved child health, to specify roles and responsibilities of partners in promoting appropriate
IYCF practices, and to outline technical directives for interventions. The Strategy provides technical guidance for mothers, on infant and young children feeding, and providing recommendations.

Ethiopia 2004 Health

Health Policy of the Transitional Government of Ethiopia

Ethiopia, Health

This highlights the holistic plans of the transitional government for Ethiopia. The general policy pointers range from; Democratization and decentralization of the health service system, to development of the preventive and promotive components of health care, development of an equitable and acceptable standard of health service system that will reach all segments of the population within the limits of recourses, and promoting and strengthening of intersectoral activities, and to provision of health care for the population on a scheme of payment according to ability with special assistance mechanisms for those who cannot afford to pay, and promotion of the participation of the private sector and nongovernmental organizations in health care. The transitional government places premium on; control of communicable diseases, epidemics and diseases related to malnutrition and poor living conditions; The promotion of occupational health and safety; The development of environmental health; The rehabilitation of the health infrastructure and; The development of an appropriate health service management system.

Ethiopia 1993 Health

National Nutrition Programme (2013-2015)

Ethiopia, Health

“The strategic objectives of the Programme as highlighted are: to improve the nutritional status of women (15–49 years) and adolescents (10–19 years); to improve the nutritional status of infants, young children and children under 5; to improve the delivery of nutrition services for communicable and non-communicable/lifestyle related diseases (all age groups); to strengthen implementation of nutrition sensitive interventions across sectors; and to improve multi-sectoral coordination and capacity to ensure the Programme’s implementation”.

Ethiopia 2013 Health

National Nutrition Program (2016-2020)

Ethiopia, Health

The second national nutrition program (NNP II) represents a multisectoral implementation approach charged at ending hunger by 2030. It pushes to exploit the linkage between nutrition, animal breeding, fisheries and aquaculture, and general agriculture to drive its goal. It contains a number of interventions prioritised for attaining its vision; optimal breastfeeding; optimal complementary feeding; mitigation and prevention of micro-nutrient deficiencies; water, sanitation, and hygiene (WASH); deworming; food fortification; and management of acute malnutrition. “The overall goal of this program implementation manual is to facilitate and ignite the accelerated reduction of malnutrition in order to achieve zero hunger by 2030 and meet Sustainable Development Goal targets”.

Ethiopia 2016 Health

Public Health Proclamation

Council of Ministers/Ministry of Health, Ethiopia

The active participation of members of the society has been deemed necessary to effectively implement the country’s health policy. The proclamation also points to the primary health care as a suitable approach to solve the health problems in the country. The proclamation establishes the health advisory board at the federal and regional level to aid effective implementation of the proclamation; it specifies the powers and duties of the board, as well as its meetings. It also highlights the powers and duties of inspectors charged with implementation of the proclamation. It spells out directives related to; food quality control, food standard requiremnts, water quality control, water handling and disposal, among others.

Ethiopia 2000 Health

Ethiopian Health and Nutrition Research Institute Establishment Council of Ministers Regulations

Ethiopia, Ministry of Health

The council of ministers regulations to provide for the establishment of the Ethiopian health and nutrition research institute. The institute is to be an autonomous public authority, and accountable to the ministry of health. It is charged with ensure maximum contribution to the development of health in Ethiopia. It also has as its objective, the study and research of diseases, their spread, complimentary traditional medicine, and nutrition, for the general health improvement in the country.

Ethiopia 1996 Health

Ethiopian Public Health Institute Establishment Council of Ministers Regulation

Council of Ministers, Ethiopia

The regulation establishes the public health institute as an autonomous office of the federal government. The institute is to be supervised by the ministry of health. It has the following objectives, among others; undertake research, in line with national agenda, strengthen its infrastructure and man-power base, ensure preparedness for times of emergencies, and conduct surveys to mitigate against impending public health risks.

Ethiopia 2014 Health

Ethiopian Food, Medicine, and Health Care Administration and Control Authority Establishment Council of Ministers Regulation

Ethiopia, Health

The authority is established as an autonomous body, and shall be accountable to the ministry of health. It shall be see to ensuring the safety, efficacy, quality, and proper use of food and medicines. It shall also see to the ethics of practitioners and professionals, as well as facilitating the standardization of health institutions, among others.

Ethiopia 2010 Health